DiagnosesNo diagnosis is an automatic precursor to surgery. Spine fusion surgery, however, is often tied to diagnoses like scoliosis, kyphosis, and degenerative disc diseases that result in discogenic pain as it is a long-term, stabilizing way to end suffering for patients who struggle with back pain. For people who suffer from these conditions, pain can be so overwhelming that continuation of normal daily life is nearly impossible. Pain this severe is sometimes no longer manageable through oral medication, and more invasive measures must be considered.

Spine fusion surgery can also be a solution for pain that is not tied to one of these diagnoses, especially in a case where the pain is resulting from vertebral misalignment, broken or fractured vertebrae, or any condition which renders the spine immobile or unstable.

It can be determined through discography whether or not a patient’s pain stems from a particular disc. Discography requires injection of colorless iodine contrast to allow your doctor to better analyze the integrity of vertebrae. It is not exact in nature and is usually used to help confirm or refute your suspected diagnosis.

Spine fusion surgery is the prognosis only when all other pain management options are exhausted. Patients will move through a progression of heat and ice therapy, exercise regimens, physical therapy and rehabilitation, oral medications, and injected medications in most cases before choosing surgery.